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Knowing your numbers
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  Knowing your numbers  
 

The most important things to know when trying to live a healthy life are these numbers:


Blood Pressure – 120/80 is considered normal

Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps out blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is the diastolic pressure.

Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers, the systolic and diastolic pressures. Usually they are written one above or before the other. A reading of

120/80 or lower is normal blood pressure
140/90 or higher is high blood pressure
120 and 139 for the top number, or between 80 and 89 for the bottom number is prehypertension

High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, but it can cause serious problems such as stroke,heart failureheart attack and kidney failure. You can control high blood pressure through healthy lifestyle habits and taking medicines, if needed.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Cholesterol total cholesterol should be <200mg/dl High density lipoprotein (HDL) should be 60mg/dl or higher Low density lipoprotein (LDL) should be <40mg/dl for men/<50mg/dl for women
Blood sugar fasting blood sugar <100 mg/dl; prediabetes is between 101 and 125 mg/dl
Weight is difficult to assess unless you know other things like height and the other numbers listed here; however, refer to the link for more information
Body mass index 18.5 to 24.9 (see link for calculator)

 

 

Leading Causes of Death in the USA

Number of deaths for leading causes of death

Heart disease: 616,067
Cancer: 562,875
Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 135,952
Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 127,924
Accidents (unintentional injuries): 123,706
Alzheimer's disease: 74,632
Diabetes: 71,382
Influenza and Pneumonia: 52,717
Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis: 46,448
Septicemia: 34,828

Source: Deaths: Final Data for 2007, table B